Geography Of Population By Rc Chandna Pdf
PIP: The field of population geography was first introduced during the 1960s in India and advanced under the direction of Gosal at the Punjab University. Teaching and research in population geography were introduced by Chandigarh at Punjab University, which today is the main center of research activity. Population geography in India has followed the main tenets of geography in general and is based on spatial perspectives. Deficits are apparent in the paucity of research on socioeconomic implications of spatial distributions, but there is infrastructural feedback to support theory development. Theoretical advances moving from theory to fact or from empirical fact to theory are limited. Comprehensive training in methodology and quantitative techniques is needed for further development of population theory: multivariate analysis, factor analysis, principal component analysis, model building, hypothesis testing, and theory formulation. Methodological sophistication will also help in understanding and interpreting the diverse and complex Indian demographic situation. The analysis of population geography in the Indian spatial, cultural, political, and historical context may be applied to other less developed countries of similar sociocultural background. The Indian Census has contributed over the 100 years of its existence reliable and efficiently produced data on a wide variety of measures at assorted scales down to the village level. Field work among geographers has not achieved a level of development commensurate with population censuses. Recent doctoral research has focused on qualitative studies of local situations. Research topics range from the distribution and structure of population, mortality, fertility, and migration to peripheral issues of social segregation. Popular topics include urbanization, labor force, sex composition, literacy, and population growth. Distribution of population and density studies have amounted to only 2 in 30 years. Population texts are in abundance. The Punjab University is the headquarters of the Association of Population Geographers, which publishes the journal "Population Geography." Many advances are still needed in a timely fashion.
geography of population by rc chandna pdf
Tibetans in exile i.e Nepal, Bhutan, India and other parts of the world are those, who along with the Dalai Lama, escaped their own native place after Chinese aggression or occupation of Tibet in the year of 1959. Therefore, they have been forced to move in Exile and with the time span, the people of Tibet community have been settled in 41 Tibetan settlements located in different parts of India like Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, West Bengal etc. But as far as Nepal and Bhutan is concerned, 17 Tibetans settlements are located in Nepal and 7 in Bhutan, where Tibetan refugees have been resided (survey report of 2019). Whereas Dharamshala is the capital city of Tibetan Govt. in exile and also considered as the largest settlement of North India in Himachal Pradesh having the 8,517 population number comprising 4,424 male and 4,093 female(2019). But as per the survey report of 2019, the present population of Tibetans outside Tibet is 145100, out of which one lakh estimated population of Tibetans residing in India. Apart from India near about 16,000 in Nepal, 1800 in Bhutan and 25,000 Budhist population living in other parts of the world.
If your approach to the geography optional is right then this is the most scoring subject. Best UPSC Geography Optional Books for UPSC civil services mains also help in IAS mains general studies paper and prelims GS paper. Many aspirants have cracked UPSC civil services mains examination by opting high scoring geography as their optional.
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The rate of population growth is the rate of natural increase combined with the effects of migration. Thus, a high rate of natural increase can be offset by a large net out-migration, and a low rate of natural increase can be countered by a high level of net in-migration.