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Hindi Movies Itihaas Full: The Amazing Facts and Stories Behind Bollywood Cinema



Hindi Movies Itihaas Full: A Guide to Bollywood Cinema




If you are a fan of Indian movies, you might have come across the term "hindi movies itihaas full". It means "full history of Hindi movies" in Hindi, and it refers to the rich and diverse film industry based in Mumbai, also known as Bollywood. In this article, we will explore the origins, development, genres, reviews, and trivia of Hindi cinema, and give you some tips on how to enjoy it.




hindi movies itihaas full


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History of Hindi Cinema




Hindi cinema, or Bollywood, is one of the oldest and largest film industries in the world. It began in the early 20th century, when pioneers like Dadasaheb Phalke made silent films inspired by Indian mythology and culture. The first Indian sound film was Alam Ara (1931), which also introduced songs and music to cinema. The 1930s and 1940s saw the rise of studios like Bombay Talkies and Prabhat Film Company, which produced social dramas and musicals with stars like Ashok Kumar, Devika Rani, and K.L. Saigal.


The 1950s are considered the golden age of Hindi cinema, as filmmakers like Raj Kapoor, Guru Dutt, Mehboob Khan, Bimal Roy, and Satyajit Ray created classics like Awaara (1951), Pyaasa (1957), Mother India (1957), Do Bigha Zamin (1953), and Pather Panchali (1955). These films explored themes like poverty, social injustice, romance, and family, and featured iconic actors like Dilip Kumar, Nargis, Madhubala, Rajesh Khanna, and Amitabh Bachchan.


The 1960s and 1970s witnessed the emergence of new genres like spy thrillers, crime dramas, action films, and masala films. Masala films were a blend of various elements like comedy, romance, drama, melodrama, action, and music. They were popularized by directors like Manmohan Desai, Prakash Mehra, Nasir Hussain, and Ramesh Sippy, who made blockbusters like Sholay (1975), Amar Akbar Anthony (1977), Zanjeer (1973), and Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973). These films also established stars like Dharmendra, Hema Malini, Shashi Kapoor, Zeenat Aman, Rishi Kapoor, Rekha, and Jaya Bachchan.


The 1980s and 1990s saw a decline in the quality and quantity of Hindi films, as they faced competition from television and regional cinema. However, some filmmakers like Yash Chopra, Subhash Ghai, Mahesh Bhatt, Shekhar Kapur, Ram Gopal Varma, Aditya Chopra, Karan Johar, Sanjay Leela Bhansali, and Mani Ratnam revived the industry with films like Silsila (1981), Karma (1986), Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! (1994), Dil Se.. (1998), Rangeela (1995), Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam (1999), and Dil Chahta Hai (2001). These films introduced new genres like romance, musical drama, family drama, thriller, and urban comedy, and launched stars like Shah Rukh Khan, Aamir Khan, Salman Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Kajol, Juhi Chawla, Anil Kapoor, and Aishwarya Rai.


The 2000s and 2010s saw a further diversification of Hindi cinema, as filmmakers experimented with different styles, themes, and formats. Some of the notable trends were parallel cinema, which focused on realistic and social issues, such as Masaan (2015), Newton (2017), and Article 15 (2019); comedy films, which used satire, slapstick, and spoof to entertain the audience, such as Hera Pheri (2000), Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. (2003), and 3 Idiots (2009); biographical films, which depicted the lives of famous personalities, such as The Legend of Bhagat Singh (2002), Bhaag Milkha Bhaag (2013), and Dangal (2016); historical films, which recreated the past events and characters, such as Lagaan (2001), Jodhaa Akbar (2008), and Bajirao Mastani (2015); and international films, which catered to the global market and audience, such as Lagaan (2001), Slumdog Millionaire (2008), and My Name Is Khan (2010). These films also featured new actors like Hrithik Roshan, Kareena Kapoor, Ranbir Kapoor, Priyanka Chopra, Deepika Padukone, Ranveer Singh, and Alia Bhatt.


Genres of Hindi Cinema




Hindi cinema is known for its variety and versatility of genres. Some of the most popular genres are:


Romance




Romance is one of the oldest and most loved genres of Hindi cinema. It involves the love story of two or more characters, who face various obstacles and challenges in their relationship. Romance films often have songs, dances, and melodrama to express the emotions of the characters. Some of the classic romance films are Mughal-e-Azam (1960), Bobby (1973), Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (1988), Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), Veer-Zaara (2004), Jab We Met (2007), and Aashiqui 2 (2013).


Action




Action is another popular genre of Hindi cinema. It involves the use of violence, stunts, chases, fights, and explosions to create excitement and thrill. Action films often have heroes who are brave, strong, and heroic, who fight against villains who are evil, cruel, and powerful. Action films also have catchy dialogues, catchy music, and item songs to attract the audience. Some of the famous action films are Sholay (1975), Don (1978), Ghajini (2008), Dabangg (2010), Singham (2011), Dhoom 3 (2013), and Baahubali 2: The Conclusion (2017).


Comedy




Comedy is a genre that aims to make the audience laugh and enjoy. It uses humor, wit, sarcasm, irony, parody, and absurdity to create funny situations and characters. Comedy films often have a light-hearted tone, a simple plot, and a happy ending. Comedy films also have comic actors who have a knack for timing, expression, and dialogue delivery. Some of the hilarious comedy films are Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958), Gol Maal (1979), Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro (1983), Andaz Apna Apna (1994), Hera Pheri (2000), Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. (2003), Khosla Ka Ghosla! (2006), and PK (2014).


Drama




Drama is a genre that deals with serious and realistic themes and issues. It involves the portrayal of human emotions, conflicts, relationships, and dilemmas. Drama films often have a complex plot, a dark tone, and a tragic or ambiguous ending. Drama films also have powerful performances by actors who convey the depth and intensity of their characters. Some of the remarkable drama films are Do Bigha Zamin (1953), Pyaasa (1957), Mother India (1957), Guide (1965), Deewaar (1975), Arth (1982), Salaam Bombay! (1988), Lagaan (2001), Black (2005), and Taare Zameen Par (2007).


Musical




Musical is a genre that uses songs, dances, and music to enhance the story and the mood of the film. Musical films often have a romantic or a festive theme, and showcase the talent and charisma of the singers, dancers, and composers. Musical films also have colorful costumes, sets, and choreography to create a visual spectacle. Some of the melodious musical films are Mughal-e-Azam (1960), Teesri Manzil (1966), Shree 420 (1955), Umrao Jaan (1981), Dil To Pagal Hai (1997), Devdas (2002), Jodhaa Akbar (2008), and Rockstar (2011).


Thriller




Thriller is a genre that creates suspense, tension, and excitement for the audience. It involves the use of mystery, crime, espionage, horror, or action to create a sense of danger and uncertainty. Thriller films often have a fast-paced plot, a twisty ending, and a high-stakes scenario. Thriller films also have clever characters who use their skills, intelligence, or courage to overcome the challenges. Some of the thrilling thriller films are Jewel Thief (1967), Ittefaq (1969), Bees Saal Baad (1962), Kahaani (2012), Drishyam (2015), Andhadhun (2018), Badla (2019), and Raat Akeli Hai (2020).


Reviews of Hindi Cinema




Hindi cinema is widely appreciated and criticized by various critics and audiences. Some of the factors that influence the reviews of Hindi films are:


Box office performance




Box office performance is the measure of how much money a film earns from ticket sales in theatres. It is often used as an indicator of the popularity and success of a film. However, box office performance does not necessarily reflect the quality or the artistic merit of a film. Some films may have a high box office collection but may be poorly made or reviewed. Similarly, some films may have a low box office collection but may be well-made or reviewed. For example, Sholay (1975) was initially a flop at the box office but later became a cult classic and one of the highest-grossing films of all time. On the other hand, Thugs of Hindostan (2018) was one of the most expensive films ever made but failed to impress the critics or the audience.


Critical acclaim




Critical acclaim is the measure of how much praise and recognition a film receives from professional critics and reviewers. It is often used as an indicator of the quality and the artistic merit of a film. However, critical acclaim does not necessarily reflect the popularity or the success of a film. Some films may have a high critical acclaim but may not appeal to the mass audience or earn much money. Similarly, some films may have a low critical acclaim but may be liked by the mass audience or earn much money. For example, Pather Panchali (1955) was a critically acclaimed film that won international awards and recognition, but was not a commercial success in India. On the other hand, Gadar: Ek Prem Katha (2001) was a critically panned film that was accused of being jingoistic and violent, but was a huge hit at the box office.


Audience response




Audience response is the measure of how much appreciation and feedback a film receives from the general public and the fans. It is often used as an indicator of the appeal and the impact of a film. However, audience response does not necessarily reflect the quality or the artistic merit of a film. Some films may have a high audience response but may be flawed or controversial. Similarly, some films may have a low audience response but may be flawless or meaningful. For example, Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham (2001) was a film that received a lot of love and admiration from the audience, especially the overseas Indians, but was criticized for being unrealistic and melodramatic. On the other hand, Rang De Basanti (2006) was a film that received a lot of criticism and controversy from the audience, especially the political and religious groups, but was praised for being realistic and revolutionary.


Trivia of Hindi Cinema




Hindi cinema is full of interesting facts and anecdotes that reveal the behind-the-scenes stories and secrets of the films and the stars. Here are some of the trivia of Hindi cinema:


The longest film




The longest film in Hindi cinema is Gangs of Wasseypur (2012), directed by Anurag Kashyap. It is a two-part crime saga that runs for a total of 319 minutes (5 hours and 19 minutes). It was originally screened as a single film at the Cannes Film Festival in 2012, but was later released in India as two separate films due to its length.


The shortest film




The shortest film in Hindi cinema is Kheer (2017), directed by Surya Balakrishnan. It is a short film that runs for only 7 minutes and 20 seconds. It stars veteran actor Anupam Kher as an elderly widower who makes kheer (a sweet dish) for his grandchildren on Valentine's Day.


The most expensive film




The most expensive film in Hindi cinema is 2.0 (2018), directed by S. Shankar. It is a sci-fi action film that cost around Rs 570 crore (US$76 million) to make. It stars Rajinikanth as a scientist who creates a humanoid robot, and Akshay Kumar as an ornithologist who turns into a bird-like creature.


The highest-grossing film




The highest-grossing film in Hindi cinema is Dangal (2016), directed by Nitesh Tiwari. It is a biographical sports drama film that earned around Rs 2,024 crore (US$270 million) worldwide. It stars Aamir Khan as Mahavir Singh Phogat, a former wrestler who trains his daughters to become world-class wrestlers.


The most awarded film




The most awarded film in Hindi cinema is Black (2005), directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali. It is a drama film that won 11 Filmfare Awards, 5 National Film Awards, and 4 IIFA Awards. It stars Amitabh Bachchan as Debraj Sahai, an alcoholic teacher who helps Michelle McNally (Rani Mukerji), a deaf-blind girl, to communicate and learn.


Conclusion




Hindi cinema, or Bollywood, is a fascinating and diverse world of films that offers something for everyone. Whether you are looking for romance, action, comedy, drama, musical, or thriller, you will find it in Hindi cinema. Hindi cinema also reflects the culture, history, society, and values of India, and showcases the talent and charisma of its actors and filmmakers. If you are interested in watching Hindi cinema, you can start with some of the classics mentioned in this article, or explore the latest releases online or in theatres. You will surely enjoy the experience of watching hindi movies itihaas full.


FAQs




What is the difference between Bollywood and Hindi cinema?




Bollywood is a term that refers to the Mumbai-based film industry that produces films in Hindi language. Hindi cinema is a broader term that refers to all films made in Hindi language, regardless of their origin or location. Bollywood is a part of Hindi cinema, but not all Hindi films are Bollywood films.


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